This is a portrait photo that I have taken. You can tell this is a portrait photo as it focuses on one subject and you can see the expression on the subjects face and the image has been composed so that the person is the main focus. To improve this photo if I took it again I would position the subject so that they are facing the camera to make them right in the centre of the photo to make sure that as little of the background as possible can be seen. If I had changed the orientation of the camera so that it was landscape this photo would feature more of the background and would make the subjects face look square.
This is a landscape photo. You can tell this as it focus on the landscape and does not just draw attention to one part of it. Also the camera had been rotated for this photo. This photo has been composed so that goats and ducks can appear together but I think to improve it I could compose it so that it focuses on maybe just one goat or the ducks. Also I could have taken the photo from a different angle to improve its composition.
This is an abstract photo which means its not obvious what the subject is. This photo was taken of a chair and is extremely close to it so that you cant tell its of a chair. If the camera orientation had been flipped to landscape for this photo it would not have much affect because the camera is so close to the object.
This photo has been cropped so that it fits the rule of thirds. The rule of thirds refers to the composition of the photo and means the photo is split into three sections both vertically and horizontally. The fence in this photo contributes to the rule of thirds as the wooden panels going across it create sections. The rule of thirds is used so that you can position points of interest in a photo in a place where people will notice them more and will make the photo appear more balanced. The rule of thirds can also make a photo appear more dynamic which makes them more interesting to look at.